When undertaking a residential construction project, there is a lot of moving parts and equipment involved. One of the most critical pieces of equipment often overlooked is the crane. A crane is a powerful machine that effortlessly lifts and transports heavy objects. It remains an indispensable component of every construction project. However, there are different types of cranes, each with unique features and purposes. This article discusses the various types of cranes used in residential construction projects and their specific advantages.
1. Mobile Cranes:
Mobile cranes are the most widely used type for residential construction projects. As the name implies, they are designed to move from one location to another. These cranes come in different sizes and can be mounted on trucks or trailers. Mobile cranes have a wide range of lifting capacities, which means they can handle different tasks, from lifting heavy rooftop equipment to hoisting building materials to higher levels.
2. Tower Cranes:
Tower cranes are another type of crane used in residential projects. They are often used to construct tall buildings or structures that require high-capacity and long-reach cranes. These cranes have a unique design that enables them to be placed on the construction site and remain in place until the project is completed.
3. Rough Terrain Cranes:
Rough terrain cranes are designed and built for construction projects with rough or uneven terrain. They come equipped with tires and they are mounted on four rubber wheels. These wheels are meant to provide maneuverability on challenging terrains. Rough terrain cranes are excellent for residential projects that require significant weight lifting in remote areas. Examples would be lifting septic tanks or portable classrooms.
4. Crawler Cranes:
Crawler cranes are heavy-duty cranes designed to move slowly and steadily, even on soft ground surfaces. They are equipped with tracks and they can move on virtually any surface, making them ideal for construction projects requiring lifting in tight or confined spaces. Crawler cranes are ideal for residential homes constructed on steep hills where a mobile crane might not have the stability to perform a lift.
5. Overhead Cranes:
Overhead cranes are not often used in residential construction projects, but they can still be essential. They are usually installed in manufacturing facilities using lifts or monorails to transport equipment and materials overhead. However, there are some rare residential projects where an overhead crane becomes necessary. They are particularly efficient in custom home designs that feature large or bulky pieces needing to be lifted in and out of a home.
For residential construction projects, it is essential to choose the right crane for the task at hand. Knowing the various crane types helps when hiring a residential crane service. Whether it is for a small residential project or a high-rise construction, selecting the best crane is crucial for success.